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 Rubik's Cube

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PostSubject: Rubik's Cube   10.01.09 17:58



Rubik's Cube is often used as the defining symbol of the 1980s

Ernő Rubik, Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture invented the Cube in the spring of 1974 in his home town of Budapest. He wanted a working model to help explain three-dimensional geometry and ended up creating the world’s best selling toy.

The first test batches of the product were produced in late 1977 and released to Budapest toy shops. Magic Cube was held together with interlocking plastic pieces that were less expensive to produce than the magnets in Nichols's design. In September 1979, a deal was signed with Ideal Toys to bring the Magic Cube to the Western world, and the puzzle made its international debut at the toy fairs of London, Paris, Nuremberg and New York in January and February 1980.

Rubik called his invention the ‘Magic Cube’. It was renamed the Rubik’s Cube by the Ideal Toy Corporation in 1980. Same year it won 1980 German Game of the Year (Spiel des Jahres) special award for Best Puzzle.

It is said to be the world's best-selling toy, with over 300,000,000 Rubik's Cubes and imitations sold worldwide. At the height of the Rubik’s craze in the mid-1980s, it was estimated that one-fifth of the world’s population had played the Cube.

Rubik’s Cube has featured in hundreds of books, magazines, movies and even had its own TV series on ABC in America. Millions of web pages, blogs and YouTube videos are now dedicated to cubing.

The Cube has inspired everything from fashion, architecture and music to films, plays and political speeches. There is also a dedicated art movement known as ‘Rubikubism’.

In a typical Cube, each face is covered by nine stickers of one of six solid colours. When the puzzle is solved, each face of the Cube is a solid colour.

The puzzle comes in four widely available versions: the 2×2×2 (Pocket Cube, also Mini Cube, Junior Cube, or Ice Cube), the 3×3×3 standard cube, the 4×4×4 (Rubik's Revenge), and the 5×5×5 (Professor's Cube). Even larger sizes have been built and are to be launched in September of 2008.
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